Report and Recommendations on the 23rd EEMI Conference and Awards at Abuja

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

 

20-POINT MARSHAL PLAN FOR ERADICATION OF EXAM MALPRACTICE IN NIGERIA.

 

The Exam Ethics Marshals International Conference has recommended a 20-Point Marshal Plan of Action for combating exam malpractice in education. If holistically implemented with strong political will under the leadership of the Federal Ministry of Education, the plan will yield 10 distinct outcomes including :total eradication of malpractices in admissions, training, examination, certification, registration and regulation processes within three years; drastic reduction of sex-for-grade and money-for-grade epidemics; restoration  of code of truth, honesty,  honor,  ethics and moral values in education; improved world rating of educational institutions; and better chance of winning of the anti-corruption law.    

 

The Conference, held from 24th to 26th September 2019 in Abuja, was supported and facilitated by Federal Ministry of Education and declared open by the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry.

197 delegates from 56 agencies attended out of 41 were inaugurated as new Exam Ethics Marshals. 12 high impact papers were presented by various agencies.

 

The Conference observed: that the scale, scope and complexity of exam malpractice and its mutation into organized criminal enterprise pose great dangers for education, national development and security if not curbed; that combating the scourge requires inclusive inter-agency collaboration of all stakeholders in the best tradition of collective responsibility and team work; and that there was urgent need for robust and comprehensive review of obsolete laws which woefully failed in providing legal frameworks for combating the scourge.  It is against this background that the Conference commended the Federal Ministry of Education and other stakeholders for supporting and facilitating the successful implementation of the conference. 

 

The Conference singled out campus cultism, sex-for-grade and money-for-grade as “ticking time bombs in the belly of the education system” that require special attention. The summary of the 20 recommendations include:

  1.  Floating by the Federal Ministry of Education of a national on-line blacklist register of educational institutions and individuals indicted and sanctioned by examination bodies or educational institutions for aiding, abetting and involvement in examination malpractice.
  2. Floating by the Federal Ministry of Education of a national on-line blacklist register of lecturers and teachers indicted for sex-for-grade, money-for-grade and sexual harassment.
  3. Ultimatum by the Hon. Minister of Education to Governing Councils and Heads of Tertiary Institutions to eradicate cultism in their institutions within six months or be relieved of their jobs.
  4. Selection of the best and brightest education officials to serve as education inspectors, regulators, supervisors and quality assurances officers.
  5. Identification and closing down of “magic exam centres” licensed and operating as “schools” by State Education Ministries/FCT Education Secretariat in partnership with law enforcement agencies.
  6. Prompt identification, isolation, sanction and blacklisting of regulators, inspectors and education officers involved and complicit in recommending, facilitating, approving and licensing of unqualified schools by State Education Ministries/FCT Education Secretariat.
  7. On-line publication and strict enforcement of clear regulations and minimum benchmarks for part time, distance learning and sandwich programmes.
  8. Floating of Private Schools Endowment Fund facilitated by capital market operators, financial institutions, pension funds, insurance companies, and Central Bank of Nigeria to be accessed by ethics-compliant private schools.
  9. Substantial enhancement of  budgetary allocations to the education sector ; enhancement of salaries and allowances of teachers; and placing payment of salaries, allowances and pensions of teachers on first charge of fund disbursement.
  10. Robust and comprehensive review of laws for combating exam malpractice, academic dishonesty, cultism and sexual abuse in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of education by federal and state legislator.
  11. Establishment of special exam malpractice desks under their education units anti-corruption agencies including the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission and the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission to focus exclusively on issues related to exam malpractice, academic dishonesty and associated scams.
  12. Massive public enlightenment campaigns by the National Orientation Agency supported by Federal and State Ministries of information and Education.
  13. Institution of high profile annual awards to recognize, celebrate, motivate and inspire educational institutions, exam administrators and other individuals for outstanding and distinguished contributions towards promoting exam ethics, combating exam malpractice and defending the integrity of education by examination  bodies in partnership with Governments, NGOs, educational institutions and corporate organizations.
  14. Designation of an Annual Exam Ethics Day by Federal Ministry of Education to be celebrated each year in all educational institutions.
  15. Incorporation of exam ethics and campus safety lectures into General Studies programmes of first year students in tertiary institutions
  16. Members of panels for accreditation of institutions, programmes and courses to back their reports with sworn affidavits on oath so that they can be tried for perjury if the report turns out to be false.
  17. Launching and sustained implementation of marshal plan of action for eradication cultism in primary, secondary and tertiary educational institutions. In this regard ,the conference in session mandated Exam Ethics Marshals International to work with other stakeholders to host a specialized national consultative conference of education leaders to develop and streamline the action plan. Participation in the Conference to be staged in Abuja from 9th to 13th December, 2019 should be open to concerned and interested stakeholders.
  18. Establishment of Exam Ethics and Campus Safety units by State Education Ministries/FCT Education secretariat in line with the example of the Federal Ministry of Education for focused implementation of exam ethics initiatives
  19. Re-activation of the Joint Action Committee on Exam Ethics (JACEE) under the Exam Ethics and Campus Safety Unit of the Federal Ministry of Education to champion focused, inclusive, inter-agency collaborative implementation of exam ethics initiatives.
  20. Re-affirmation of  mandate(FME/S./C125/2003/1/45 of 3rd December 2003)  of the National Council on Education to enlist as Exam Ethics Friend and Partner Institutions by establishing chapters of Exam Ethics Marshals Movement and Exam Ethics Students Club.

 

 

 

23rd EXAM ETHICS MARSHALS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AND AWARDS HELD FROM 24th to 26th SEPTEMBER 2019 AT GREEN MINDS HOTEL, UTAKO, ABUJA

 

FULL REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS.

 

BACKGROUND

Exam Ethics Marshals International (EEMI), started as Exam Ethics Project, was founded in Nigeria in 1996 in response to the rise of exam malpractice and the need for ethics-friendly education stakeholders to bond and work together to combat the epidemic and promote ethics, integrity and best practices in education.

 

EEMI is a non-governmental, not-for-profit movement of ethics-friendly education stakeholders committed: to code of ethical self-regulation and discipline in their duty posts; to unwavering insistence on best practices in their spheres of operational and leadership influence; and to being models and mentors to pupils, students and colleagues. Hundreds of thousands of Exam Ethics Marshals and Exam Ethics Students are operational in Exam Ethics Friend and Partner Institutions across Africa.

 

The Exam Ethics Marshals International Conference holds every year to review progress the campaign and formulate strategic action plans for moving forward. The 23rd edition of Conference was successfully held from 24th to 26th September 2019 at Green Minds Hotel, Utako, Abuja  with the theme of “New Strategic Action Plans for Mainstreaming Exam Ethics and Combating Exam Malpractice towards Protecting Integrity of Education”.

 

The Conference, supported and facilitated by critical education stakeholders, was declared open by Arc. Sunny Echono, Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Education represented by Koli Salihu, Asst. Director, Exam Ethics and Campus Safety Unit of the Ministry.

 

ATTENDANCE

The Conference was attended by 197 (one hundred and ninety seven) delegates from 56 (fifty six) agencies from Nigeria and Ghana. Delegates included Marshals and Non-Marshals from a wide spectrum of education Ministries, Agencies and Institutions including: Federal Ministry of Education of Nigeria, Parliament of Ghana, Universities, Polytechnics, Colleges of Education, Examination Boards, Anti-Corruption Agencies, Nigerian Army and Air force Education Corps, Local Government Education Authorities, Education Unions and Associations, Secondary Schools and the Media. (Appendix 1)

                        

FORTY-TWO  (42) NEW MARSHALS  INAUGURATED.  

42 (forty two) out of the 197 participants were inaugurated as new Exam Ethics Marshals

Including Deputy Vice Chancellors, Registrars, Directors, Military Officers, and Principal Officers of Educational Institutions.

 

 

TWELVE (12) HIGH IMPACT PAPERS PRESENTED

  1. Abednego E. Ekoko, Chairman, Board of Trustees, Exam Ethics Marshals International (Seven Critical Lessons From 23 Years of Exam Ethics Campaign)

 

  1. Ike Onyechere, MFR, Founding Chairman, Exam Ethics Marshals International (Beyond Education: Understanding Far reaching Deadly Consequences of Exam Malpractice )

 

  1. Salihu Omehi Yahaya, FCT Coordinating Marshal and Leader of Exam Ethics Marshals International Delegates; Director Department of Quality Assurance.(Overview of Exam Ethics Marshals Movement and 23rd International Conference and Awards)

 

  1. Prof Bolaji Owasanoye, Hon. Chairman, Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Commission represented by Azuka Ogugua, Head of Education Unit  (Role of ICPC Anti-corruption and Transparency Unit in Combating Exam Malpractice in Tertiary Institutions: Impact Assessment and New Action Agenda)

 

  1. Sunny Echono, Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Education.

           (Exam Malpractice as Challenge of Collective Responsibility).

 

  1. Jummai A. M. Audi ,  Chairman, Nigeria Law Reform Commission represented by Kingsley Umeh esq. (Reforming the Examination Malpractice law and Judicial Imperatives for Mainstreaming Exam Ethics)

 

  1. Brigadier General S. Ibrahim, Director General, National Youth Service Corps represented by Alhaji A. Musa ( NYSC in the service of Promoting Best Practices in Basic and Secondary Education: Current Realities, Prospects and Challenges)

 

  1. Is-haq O. Oloyede, OFR, FNAL, Registrar, Joint Admissions Matriculation Board Dr Halilu Bakori Mohammed  (Interagency Collaboration in Combating Examination Malpractice: the JAMB Experience)

 

  1. Kofi Ashiboe Mensah, Country Director, Exam Ethics Marshals International, Ghana. (Mainstreaming Exam Ethics through Continuing Professional Education: The Ghana Experience)

 

  1. Mazi Enyi Harbor, National Secretary, National Association of Proprietors of Private Schools.( Promoting Exam Ethics and Combating Exam Malpractice: NAPPS Nigeria Perspective)

 

  1. Dr Masa’udu Adamu Kazaure, Executive Secretary, National Board for Technical Education represented by Rabiu A. Danmalam (Mainstreaming Best Practices in Technical Education: Action Agenda and Challenges )

 

  1. Emmanuel Kwasi Bedzrah, Hon. Member of Parliament, Parliament of Ghana (Legislative Imperative for Promoting Exam Ethics and Combating Exam Malpractice: The Ghana Experience).

 

  1. The Exam Ethics Training Modules were presented by Prof A.E Ekoko, Maj-Gen MA Efeovbokhan (rtd), Mallam Salihu Omehi Yahaya, and Ike Onyechere, MFR.

 

CONFERENCE OBSERVATIONS

The Conference made the following observations after robust discussions of the various presentations

 

  1. Exam malpractice is any act of omission and commission which compromises the validity of any examination, assessment or evaluation system in education and any other competitive endevour. It is no longer matter of mere indiscretion of students seeking unfair advantage to pass their exams. It is now an organized criminal enterprise operated by failed projects and services being delivered by incompetent and unethical graduate-products of educational institutions fed, weaned, produced and certified through systemic exam malpractice.

 

  1. Exam malpractice plants the seed of fraud, dishonesty and criminality in the fertile minds of youths, breeding easy recruits for corruption, preparing the foundation for systemic collapse of moral infrastructure of society, and making it difficult to win the anti-corruption war in the long term

 

  1. Never before has society been faced with greater danger from the consequences of exam malpractice and never before has the need been higher for concerned education stakeholders to work together to combat the scourge.

 

  1. Academic dishonesty applies to situations where and when the code of honour, truth and integrity that underpin the process of education are compromised by those entrusted to guide and protect the process including lecturers and teachers.

 

  1. Campus Cultism, which has extended from tertiary institutions into primary and secondary schools, is fuelling examination malpractice and academic dishonesty as cult groups intimidate and blackmail lecturers into awarding undeserving high grades to their members.

 

  1. The epidemic sexual abuse and harassment as epitomized by sex- for- grades scandals in tertiary institutions is one of the symptoms of audacity of perpetrators of examination malpractice and academic dishonesty.

 

  1. The sex and money for grades and degrees epidemics in private universities and some public universities have reached such alarming levels that first class degree can virtually be purchased with sex or money.

 

  1. The deadly combination of campus cultism, sex-for-grades and money-for-grades epidemics are ticking time bombs in the belly of education that require urgent intervention of marshal plan proportions to diffuse.

 

  1. The laws and legal frameworks for combating exam malpractice, academic dishonesty and cultism including Students Union Activities (control and regulation) act of 1989, Exam malpractice act 20 of 1984, Exam Malpractice Act of 1999 and Exam Malpractice Act of 2004 are obsolete and ineffective and need comprehensive review.

 

  1. There are 47 (forty-seven) distinct types of examination and academic malpractices and dishonesty that are now prevalent in education from primary to secondary to tertiary levels. Worse still, exam malpractice syndicates device new methods, especially through electronic devices, to compromise each exam circle as exam bodies introduce measures to check old tricks. The National Youth Service Corps, for example, disclosed to the Conference that Nigerian youths now go to neighbouring African countries to buy certificates in courses they never attended with which they try to secure enlistment for national service and subsequently seek employment.

 

  1. Public and private educational institutions are complicit in perpetrating examination and academic malpractices including, but not restricted to, admission of underage pupils and students into classes they are not fit for; promoting pupils and students to the next class even when they failed promotion exams; operation of schools as “magic centres” of exam fraud; recruitment of exam mercenaries to take exams for students; bribing of invigilators and examiners to aid malpractice; providing exam answers for students through electronic media; and following scripts to marking centres to bribe examiners; etc.

 

  1. Some State Education Ministries connive with some exam bodies to shield the identity of Principals, Teachers, Supervisors and Invigilators and other exam administrators indicted for aiding, abetting and involvement in malpractices.

 

  1. State Governments and School Proprietors encourage and promote exam malpractice by not paying teachers as and when due thereby exposing them to the temptation of taking bribes to aid exam malpractice as their major source of income.

 

  1. Some exam bodies neglect to properly screen, re-screen, train , re-train and update their exam administrators on extant technical and integrity skills for the conduct of credible examinations, making invigilation, supervision and monitoring of their exams an all comers affair and in the process recycle people already indicted for aiding, abetting and involvement in exam malpractice.

 

  1. Unresolved conflicts in tertiary institutions that lead to incessant strikes in tertiary institutions result in disruption of academic programmes and calendar and in examining students on courses that were not taught, making resort to examination malpractice by students and resort to academic dishonesty by lecturers inevitable consequences.

 

  1. The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) disclosed to the Conference that “…recent events have shown that the hypothesis or assumption that examination malpractices were reducing up to 2017 is totally untrue. The perpetrators have invented ingenious methods for conducting their criminal acts. The emerging figure of discovered examination malpractice in 2019 is, to say the least, the highest in the history of the Board”

 

  1. Lack of synergy between public exam boards and state education ministries in the calendar and conduct of public exams exert undue pressure on students and teachers and lead to examination fatigue and malpractices.

 

COMMENDATION.

The Conference-in-session commended:

 

  1. Exam Ethics Marshals International for sustaining the Exam Ethics Campaign since its launch in 1996

 

  1. Critical education stakeholders for providing technical support and facilitation towards successful implementation of the Conference in the spirit of inter-agency collaboration including
  • Federal Ministry of Education
  • Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Commission.(ICPC).
  • Joint Admissions Matriculation Board (JAMB)
  • Nigeria Law Reform Commission, (NLRC)
  • National Board for Technical Education (NBTE)
  • National Youth Service Corps (NYSC).
  • National Association of Proprietors of Private Schools (NAPPS)
  • National Teachers Institute (NTI),
  • FCT Department of Quality Assurance
  • FCT Secondary Education Management Board
  • Nigeria Television Authority
  • Radio Nigeria
  • News Agency of Nigeria
  1. The Conference also commended all the 56 agencies and institutions that sponsored participants to the event including
  • State Ministries of Education
  • Educational Institutions
  • Nigerian Army Education Corps
  • Nigerian Air Force Education Corps
  • Parliament of Ghana

 

  1. The Conference specifically commended
  2. The Federal Ministry of Education for
  • Establishing the Exam Ethics and Campus Safety Unit in the Ministry
  • Development and deployment of Examination monitoring instrument through the Exam Ethics and Campus Safety Unit.

 

  1. The Minister of Education for unalloyed support and facilitation to JAMB and other agencies and parastatals under the Ministry to confront the syndicate in the exam industry”

 

  1. The Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) for
  • Successful prosecution, conviction and sentencing of a lecturer, a University Professor, to two years imprisonment for sexual abuse of a female student
  • Development and infusing the National Values Curriculum (NVC) into existing school subjects at the Basic, Post Basic and Colleges of Education levels
  • Successful conduct of Corruption Risk Assessment of Universal Basic Education Commission.
  • Organization, on regular basis, of Stakeholders Forum on the monitoring of Secondary School Exit Examinations for Exam Bodies in collaboration with other Stakeholders

 

  1. The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) for introducing various innovations in its examinations management system including
  • Integrated Brochure System (IBASS)
  • Central Admissions Processing System (CAPS)
  • Replacement of Scratch Card with virtual application
  • Automation of registration services online
  • Standardization of CBT centres
  • Enhanced live monitoring of centres and equipment
  • Deployment of electronic devices to curb malpractices
  • Multi-layer intelligence gathering.

 

  1. The National Association of Proprietors of Private Schools Nigeria for
  • Presentation of a frank and insightful perspective on exam malpractice
  • Including sanctions against participation in examination malpractice by members of the association in its constitution
  • Strong commitment to actively participate in the exam ethics campaign

 

  1. The National Youth Service Corps for helping to address the deficiency of teachers in basic and secondary schools in states across the country by posting of Youth Corpers to teach in Schools.

     

 

 

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR 20 POINT MARSHAL PLAN OF ACTION FOR CURBING EXAM MALPRACTICE

 

  1. Floating by the Federal Ministry of Education of a national on-line blacklist register of educational institutions and individuals indicted and sanctioned by examination bodies or educational institutions for aiding, abetting and involvement in examination malpractice. The national on-line register, updated regularly, will put a stop to the current situation where some state education ministries and exam bodies connive to shield the identity of rogue exam administrators who are members of organized exam malpractice syndicates making it possible to recycle them for future exam cycles. The register also provides educational administrators platform for verifying identity of serial exam fraudsters and syndicate members and forestall situations where their identities shielded by conspiracies of silence and secrecy.

 

  1. Floating by the Federal Ministry of Education of a national on-line blacklist register of lecturers and teachers indicted for sex-for-grade, money-for-grade and sexual harassment. The platform, updated regularly, will place the identity of such sexual predators on the public domain and forestall their employment by other organizations or re-engagement by other unsuspecting institutions.

 

  1. Ultimatum by the Hon. Minister of Education to Governing Councils and Heads of Tertiary Institutions to eradicate cultism in their institutions within six months or be relieved of their jobs. There is precedence for such ultimatum. Following the cult-related massacre of students in Obafemi Awolowo University in 1999, the then Hon. Minister of Education directed Heads of Tertiary Institutions to eradicate cultism in their institutions within six months loose their jobs. The Order galvanized the administration of tertiary institutions into action and within six months, over 5000 students openly renounced their membership of various cult groups and surrendered their cult regalia and weapons in public renunciation events covered by the media. And peace returned in tertiary institutions until the current escalation and spread to primary, secondary and tertiary institutions. Beyond other disastrous consequences, campus cults fuel exam malpractice as cult groups blackmail, intimidate and force frightened lecturers into awarding them undeserved high grades.  

 

  1. Selection of the best and brightest education officials to serve as education inspectors, regulators, supervisors and quality assurances officers. Regulatory agencies like the National Universities Commission, National Commission for Colleges of Education, National Board for Technical Education and FCT/ State Education Ministries should institute a process of careful selection, screening, re-screening, training, re-training, strengthening, empowering , equipping and motivating selected officials for more effective , dispassionate and scrupulous discharge of  responsibility of enforcing  minimum  standards in approving, licensing,  accreditation of institutions, programmes and courses .

 

  1. Identification and closing down of “magic exam centres” licensed and operating as “schools” by State Education Ministries/FCT Education Secretariat in partnership with law enforcement agencies. The list of such magic centres should be added to the Federal Ministry of Education national blacklist register of sanctioned schools.

 

  1. Prompt identification, isolation, sanction and blacklisting of regulators, inspectors and education officers involved and complicit in recommending, facilitating, approving and licensing of unqualified schools by State Education Ministries/FCT Education Secretariat

 

  1. On-line publication and strict enforcement of clear regulations and minimum benchmarks for part time, distance learning and sandwich programmes in Universities, Colleges of Education and Polytechnics by NUC, NBTE and NCCE.

 

  1. Floating of Private Schools Endowment Fund facilitated by capital market operators, financial institutions, pension funds, insurance companies, and Central Bank of Nigeria to be accessed by ethics-compliant private schools. With over 40,000 private schools catering for about 80% of nursery pupils, over 50% of primary and secondary school pupils and students; and 58% of secondary private schools now constitute a large chunk of educational institutions in Nigeria. The education sector cannot be successfully reformed without accommodating the private schools system. Besides, the numbers are they for creative capital market financial engineers to design, develop and float win-win financial instruments focused on the expanding private school market. Governments, Funding Agencies and NGOs should also consider extending grants to ethics-compliant private schools as private schools not just as business enterprises but also as social services. Financial support will eliminate the some of the pressures that tempt some private schools into cutting corners

 

  1. Substantial enhancement of budgetary allocations to the education sector by Federal, State and local Governments;  enhancement of salaries and allowances of teachers to attract and retain the best and brightest brains in the profession; and place payment of salaries, allowances and pensions of teachers on first charge of fund disbursement.

 

  1. Robust and comprehensive review of laws for combating exam malpractice, academic dishonesty, cultism and sexual abuse in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of education by federal and state legislator. Extant legal and judicial frameworks including Students Union Activities (control and regulation) act of 1989, Exam malpractice act 20 of 1984, Exam Malpractice Act of 1999 and Exam Malpractice Act of 2004 have been proven to hopelessly obsolete and ineffective. The review should focus on updating the definition of what constitutes exam malpractice and on providing clear legal empowerment for exam bodies, institutions and education ministries to publish blacklist registers of defaulting institutions and individuals and implement other name and shame initiatives. Impact assessment of the exam ethics campaign across Africa indicate that name and shame initiatives combined with other sanctions provide more effective deterrents.

 

  1. Establishment of special exam malpractice desks under their education units anti-corruption agencies including the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission and the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission to focus exclusively on issues related to exam malpractice, academic dishonesty and associated scams in view of the current scope and scale, its mutation into organized crime, the national embarrassment and de-branding and serious national security implications. Besides exam malpractice breeds recruits for systemic societal corruption making the anti-corruption war unwinnable without first blocking the supply route of exam malpractice in educational institutions.

 

  1. Massive public enlightenment campaigns by the National Orientation Agency supported by Federal and State Ministries of information and Education through print, electronic, social media, bill boards, posters, sticker and other platforms. The NOA should design and develop a comprehensive public enlightenment campaign plan against exam malpractice, academic dishonesty, cultism and sexual abuse on the basis of which it should seek, receive and judiciously apply funding and technical support from Federal and State Governments, funding agencies, corporate organizations, media houses and NGOs in the best tradition of collective responsibility and true spirit of corporate social responsibility.

 

  1. Institution of high profile annual awards to recognize, celebrate, motivate and inspire educational institutions, exam administrators and other individuals for outstanding and distinguished contributions towards promoting exam ethics, combating exam malpractice and defending the integrity of education by examination bodies in partnership with Governments, NGOs, educational institutions and corporate organizations.

 

  1. Designation of an Annual Exam Ethics Day by Federal Ministry of Education to be celebrated each year in all educational institutions in Nigeria to create and sustain awareness on the benefits of exam ethics and dangers of exam malpractice. The Exam Ethics Day may feature lectures and presentation of Exam Ethics Awards to deserving individuals as part of the events.

 

  1. Incorporation of exam ethics and campus safety lectures into General Studies programmes of first year students in tertiary institutions to focus on benefits of exam ethics and dangers of exam malpractice and cultism. Fresh students are usually within the age bracket of experimentation with new ideas. Equipping them with enabling information will help them to avoid experimentation with myths and fantasies associated with cultism and malpractices.

 

  1. Members of panels for accreditation of institutions, programmes and courses to back their reports with sworn affidavits on oath so that they can be tried for perjury if the report turns out to be false. Accreditation is the process of ascertaining whether or not an institution, programme or course satisfies benchmark minimum standards in academic, infrastructure, teaching and other facilities. Accreditation exercises are normally carried out by top level educationists knowledgeable in the field of study under consideration. The preponderance of ill-equipped institutions, courses and programmes that are below benchmark standard and practices, exam magic centres licensed as schools, “dry laboratories” in tertiary institutions, complaints about lack of teaching and learning materials and other anomalies confirm the class action corruption of the accreditation process. Accreditation panelist collect bribes to turn blind eyes to the fact institutions hire mercenary staff and borrow equipment for the purpose of accreditation.  Visitors, Governing Councils, Senate Committees, Lecturers, Unions, Associations and Students join in the conspiracy of silence so to secure accreditation for the institution or course. In some instances State Governments make special financial provisions, not to equip their institutions, to fund the corrupt accreditation process. This is why many accredited state tertiary institutions are no better than glorified secondary schools.

 

  1. Launching and sustained implementation of marshal plan of action for eradication cultism in primary, secondary and tertiary educational institutions. The conference in session mandated Exam Ethics Marshals International to work with other stakeholders to host a specialized national consultative conference of education leaders to develop and streamline the action plan. Participation in the Conference to be staged in Abuja from 9th to 13th December, 2019 should be open to concerned stakeholders interested in offering ideas for diffusing the time bombs of sex-for-marks and campus cultism currently lodged and ticking in the belly of Nigerian education system.

 

  1. Establishment of Exam Ethics and Campus Safety units by State Education Ministries/FCT Education secretariat in line with the example of the Federal Ministry of Education for focused implementation of exam ethics initiatives in the state. The staffing of the units with strong, ethics-friendly officers is of paramount importance as experience shows that weak and compromised units make the problem of malpractice worse.

  

  1. Re-activation of the Joint Action Committee on Exam Ethics (JACEE) under the Exam Ethics and Campus Safety Unit of the Federal Ministry of Education to champion focused implementation of exam ethics initiatives by various agencies and stakeholders. Membership of JACEE should include representatives of agencies and stakeholders considered critical to holistic, inclusive and successful implementation of the exam ethics campaign at all levels of education including:
  • Federal Ministry of Education (Exam Ethics and Campus Safety Unit)
  • Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB)
  • West African Examination Council (WAEC)
  • National Examination Council (NECO)
  • National Business and Technical Education Board (NABTEB)
  • National Teachers Institute (NTI)
  • National Universities Commission (NUC)
  • National Board for Technical Education (NBTE)
  • National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE)
  • All Nigeria Confederation of principals of Secondary Schools (ANCOPSS)
  • Association of Primary School Head Teachers of Nigeria (AOPSHON)
  • National Parent Teacher Association of Nigeria (NAPTAN)
  • National Association of Proprietors of Private Schools(NAPPS)
  • National Orientation Agency (NOA).
  • Exam Ethics Marshals International.

 

Part of the responsibility of JACEE to collate, verify and harmonize names of indicted schools and individuals submitted for enlistment in the Federal Ministry of Education national blacklist registers. The coordinating role of the JACEE, with operational secretariat in Exam Ethics and Campus Safety Unit of FME, can be implemented under existing structures and modeled along the framework of self-recruited volunteer support service and may therefore not involve any funding on the part of government.

 

  1. Re-affirmation of mandate of the National Council on Education to enlist as Exam Ethics Friend and Partner Institutions by establishing chapters of Exam Ethics Marshals Movement and Exam Ethics Students Club. The Council had urged (FME/S./C125/2003/1/45 of 3rd December 2003)   “all stakeholders to embark on campaign for positive attitudinal change towards the sanctity and integrity of public examinations…examination bodies to recognize, reward and protect ethics-friendly examination supervisors and invigilators… State and Federal Government to establish Exam Ethics Clubs in their secondary schools…de-recognition of schools involved in examination malpractice for a period of 3-6 years and may be extended as the case may be”. The re-affirmation of NCE mandate will empower and energize stakeholders across the country to implement their portion of the marshal plan under an inclusive inter-agency collaborative framework.

 

Members of the Conference Report and Recommendation Committee include: 

Prof. A. E Ekoko, Maj Gen M. A. Efeovbokhan (rtd), Salihu Omehi Yahaya, Dr Boniface Nwofia, Jamiu Ibrahim, Dauda Rasheed, Angela Esan and Ike Onyechere, MFR. The observations and recommendations factored in issues addressed during paper presentation, discussion and communiqué sessions and in written comments of delegates. The contributions of the Federal Ministry of Education delegation led by Koli Salihu, Assistant Director and Head of Exam Ethics and Campus Safety Unit of the Ministry is acknowledged and highly appreciated.  

 

Signed

Ike Onyechere, MFR, Founding Chairman 

Exam Ethics Marshals International.

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